A guide to risks, symptoms and treatment

Image showing grandpa and his grandson playing a tablet
Diagram showing two elderly standing side by side

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

The difference between an health eye and an eye with macular damage
Diagram showing a blue aye

2 Types Of AMD

Diagram showing the difference between dry and wet age-related macular degeneration
Warning sign

Risk Factor

You are more likely to develop AMD if you have one or more of the following.

Family history and diet high in saturated fact
More than 50 years old or have a bad habit like smoking
overweight is one of the risk factors of AMD

Signs And Symptoms

In its early stage, the following signs of macular degeneration can go unnoticed.

1. Gradual loss of ability to see objects clearly.

Diagram showing clear text became blurred

2. Shape of objects appear distorted and straight lines look wavy or crooked.

Image showing elevator seems to be distorted

3. A dark area in central part of vision.

Image showing the center area of the vision became dark

Many people don’t realize they have AMD until their vision is very blurred. This is why it is important to have regular visits to an ophthalmologist to help detect any early signs of AMD before you have any vision problems.

Amsler Grid

People with AMD may not be aware of how much sight they have lost as vision diminishes gradually. Use the Amsler grid to check your eyesight everyday to notice subtle vision changes.

How to test your eyes?

Amsler grid to check the eyesight

1. In good light, look at the grid from about 30-40 cm away. Be sure to wear your reading glasses if you normally use them.

2. Cover one eye. Look directly at the dot in the center of the grid with your uncovered eye.

3. Notice if any of the lines look bent or wavy. See if any part of the grid looks blurry, dim, or out of shape.

4. Cover your other eye and test your vision the same way again.


Treatment of MDA using Laser Photocoagulation and Photodynamic Therapy
Medication can also be injected into the back of the eye to slow the growth of leaky blood vessels

Authored by: Dr Natasha Lim